1. Drainage/Grading Problems
Improper drainage and grading are the most common home improvement problems and are encountered by about 36% of home inspectors during the inspection process. These problems can lead to damp or wet footings and basements. The installation of new roof gutters and downspouts and the re-grading of lawns and areas surrounding the home will channel surface water away from the foundation
2. Excesssive Air Leakage
Sealing and insulating the “envelope” or “shell” of your home is the most cost effective way to improve energy efficiency, comfort, and prevent excessive air leakage. These areas include the home’s outer walls, ceiling, windows, doors, and floors. To prevent air leakage, add insulation to block heat loss in winter and heat gain in the summer. A poorly fitting door, deteriorating caulking, poor attic seals, and old or un-updated windows are the most common sources of air leakage. Generally, these repairs are simple and inexpensive and should be done immediately to improve energy efficiency.
3. Improper Electrical Wiring
Improper electrical wiring includes situations such as insufficient or undersized electrical service to the house. Many of these problems have to deal with aluminum wiring, inadequate overload protection, improper grounding and amateur distribution systems. Consult a professional to carry out the inspection as well as the necessary repairs. Immediate action should be carried out by an expert as electrical problems are considered very serious safety hazards.
4. Outdated or Damaged Roofs
Roof leakage caused by old or damaged shingles or improper flashing is a frequent problem. Generally, asphalt single roofs last about 15-20 years and should be inspected after this duration of time. It is difficult to determine the roof age from the ground. It is wise to investigate how many layers are under the roof to determine if the roof needs to be completely replaced before installing the new shingles.
5. Stucco Repairs
When applied correctly, exterior stucco walls can last a lifetime. However, a common flaw to stucco walls is that water can easily penetrate the stucco through cracks, around unsealed light fixtures, and exterior outlets. Excessive exposure to water can significantly decrease the quality of stucco. Stucco is water resistant but not water proof. Damaged or cracked stucco must be repaired through patching before the damage becomes more serious. Do-it-yourself repairs are also an option for stucco damages.
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